Marketing Director at Fast Forward Lab Kathryn Hume talked about how the media stir up the situation around the development of researchers. Israeli historian Yuval Noah Harari in his book “Sapiens. A brief history of mankind” says that people, unlike other living beings, can act together and join in a giant group on the system that they themselves invented for himself.
Examples of such systems are gods, Nations, money, human rights that are strictly supported by the religions, political structures, trading networks and laws. As an entrepreneur I admire the strength of collective systems. To build a technology company is hard. A lost transaction, a restless ego, impulsive decisions, errors in code, broken the terms of the race for clients, errors in implementation.
Anything can bring you down to earth. The mission is the ability to keep the team in good shape in difficult situations. As long as the mission of the company run by charismatic leaders, the business involved in the system that much more of it. In this system everything is possible, boundaries are flexible, and it inspires the team.
It was incredibly interesting to work for a company that creates software with artificial intelligence (AI). Artificial intelligence is able to generalize information about the product to give the person new data. However, if the AI simply has gathered statistics around it would not be so much noise.
We tempt ideas about how artificial intelligence will change our life. We admire artificial intelligence when you think it can be taught to do something that only capable people. Speak, write and create art. Or to save us from having to “Google” or work in Excel.
The problem is that while we dream, we dont know the real abilities, opportunities, and threats of new technology. In this article Ill review five common misconceptions about artificial intelligence.
Every time my father hears that artificial intelligence will replace humans, he remembers the movie “Desk set”— a romantic Comedy 1957 with the participation of Spencer Tracy and Katharine Hepburn. This is a film about librarians who fear losing their jobs because the company has installed electronic brain “Emerac” (named after the computer company IBM ENIAC). He knows the answers to everything, even the most trifling questions of the customers. The film is good and predictable, for sure, if you imagined a world without work, it would be a scene from “Office headset”.
The user does not refute the rumors that the machine would replace people, and asks employees to keep information secret. All of this to the stock before the big secret deal to merge with another company. In the best scene primitive electronic brain can not cope with the brilliant intellect of the heroine Katherine Hepburn, falls in love with her character Tracy. The film ends with the car, which were all afraid, is wrong and sends to all staff dismissals.
Only that day the companys management said that “Americ” was not to replace people but to help them to work better. “Desk set” teaches us a lesson. The 1950s was a boom of conversations about artificial intelligence.
In 1952, Claude Shannon developed Theseus, an artificial mouse, which is able to run mazes. In 1957, Frank Rosenblatt built a computer Mark I Perceptron, the forerunner of modern neural networks. In 1958, Hans Peter Loon wrote an article about artificial intelligence controlling information systems. We are still working to create such a system.
In 1959, Arthur Samuel coined the term “machine learning”, after he created a program to play checkers. Professor Carnegie Mellon University Tom Mitchell wrote a Manifesto about machine learning in the modern world. The society was worried and anticipated changes. That work, as we imagine it just end or will change dramatically with the advent of artificial intelligence.
But that didnt happen. We fell into the trap of artificial intelligence. Research is not useful. Technology has affected the way we work and live, but not as imagined people in the 1950s.
Despite predictions, we have created many new jobs. And in 1950, no one could imagine San Francisco full of silicon transistors and teenagers who earn millions on mobile apps. No one imagined Mark Zuckerberg. No one imagined Peter Thiel.
To artificial intelligence actually influenced something in the business, we must constantly work on it. Over the last two years I saw more than a hundred companies, and will tell you that we have a lot of work to artificial intelligence has replaced human. The more Analytics we gather, the more accurate will be the information from artificial intelligence.
As said the scientist Amos Tversky. “Man is the exact device that is thrown into the universe of probabilities”. People make mistakes, they prefer clear instructions of uncertainty. Maura Grossman and Gordon Cormack, Professor of research, David R.
Cheriton School of Computer Science at the University of Waterloo, has spent years collecting evidence that people are not attentive of what used to be considered. John Hall, CEO of Intapp, explains that the legal departments of the companies are still suffering, trying to find a conflict of interest or potential evidence. Our beliefs must change to artificial intelligence has become truly effective.
I love an article that describes the desperate excitement of President Barack Obama, who learned about the whereabouts of terrorist Osama bin Laden in 2011. Before to discuss how artificial intelligence will replace human, lets learn to work with statistics and probability theory. It will take time.
Managers must be willing to take risks and make decisions in conditions of uncertainty. Leaders must decide where the need for information transparency is a situation in which it is important to know the logic of making decisions, e.g. when granting consumer credits. As well as the situation in which the precision and accuracy needed. Self-driving cars, where it is more important to save life than to know the reasons for the decision.
The task is to divide the work between man and machine. This requires consultants who will help to connect the work human and artificial intelligence. Almost everyone can speak, but only a few tell you something meaningful and interesting.
The same rule applies to the chat-bots systems software with interface for live conversation. Chat-bots is the next generation after the voice options menu, airlines, insurance, banks and utilities. Now the chat-bots are even used to write for yoga or a haircut. This idea is great.
It makes the technology friendly to technophobes like your grandmother helps to order on Amazon through the assistant Alexa, and simplifies the life of the business, which works with huge client bases. The problem is that people are so keen on the idea of creating a smart bot that forget about the main thing. The ability to speak does not guarantee meaningful answers.
We at Fast Forward Labs saw the lovers in the chat-bots start-UPS who have forgotten about the great inner work of learning bot. This work consists of gathering, cleaning, transfer and storage of information for bot. Important aspects. The formulation of the questions that the bot should reply, privacy, the ability to turn human in the process, if something went wrong, and so on.
Artificial intelligence is not a magic pill. It is only in its infancy, and hardly anyone uses it to work 100%. We are experimenting with limited scope, so the reality is far from the images given to us by scientists from the 50s.
When my colleague Hilary Mason talks about the best use of Analytics, she cites the example of Google Maps. Why. Because they are ordinary. Google Maps is simple and user friendly, the whole complex of technical background developers carefully hidden in the invisible code.
A conversation with the chat bot is not the only way to communicate with customers. The best applications based on artificial intelligence will be developed by designers, which will connect the text, speech, images, and navigation together. Andy stern, the author of the book Raising the Floor proposes to introduce the government programme of universal basic income, which will give any citizen of the United States a monthly stipend of $1000. It is a way to confront unemployment.
Basic income unites different people. Liberal technocrats from Silicon valley and conservatives, progressive socialists — for example, Andy stern, head of the international Union of workers in the service industry for several years, and futurists like Peter Diamandis. However, basic income is distracting us from the problems that have created a society in the pursuit of technology, income inequality.
It was formed at the intersection of globalization, technology, government programs, education, vocational schools in the United States. In the book Seventh Sense, Joshua Cooper Ramo explains how globalization is changing the concept of power. Today, most power is concentrated in the “hands” of a few corporations (Google, Facebook, Amazon, Uber), and micro-power got millions of users of these platforms who can speak out and influence their followers. Nicholas bloom, Professor of Economics at Stanford University, wrote about this in an article for Harvard Business Review on the role of corporations in the era of unequal income.
Economic implications of transformed into a single network in the world can be scary and need to be understood by using approaches that have not existed in the 20th century. The ideas of the last century, such as the policy of protectionism will not help solve the problem of the growing role of corporations. This is only a temporary satisfaction, which can lead to violence in the future.
An important argument in favour of basic income — this program helps the poor to restore the dignity. Imagine. To eat, youd have to stand in a queue on the margins of the production warehouse. And the only food you can afford, fat and leads to heart problems and diabetes.
Imagine how much time youd have to spend in queues and offices, instead of having to learn something new. Watch the movie “I, Daniel Blake”. You will see good hardworking honest man who is forced to go through all the circles of the bureaucratic system before it will rebel against her.
Basic income wont solve all problems, but will help with the empathy to treat those who do not share our political beliefs. Scared and tired of the poverty the people have the right to vote. Thus, the race for technology and the anticipation of the effect of their implementation diverts attention strong market players from the real social problems.
“Enlightenment is mans exit from his state of minority in which he is by his own fault. Minority is the inability to use their reason without guidance from someone else. A minority due to their own fault — the reason for this condition lies not in lack of reason but in lack of resolve and courage to use it without guidance from someone else. Sapere aude.
? have courage to use your own mind. ? this is the motto of Enlightenment”. This is the first paragraph of an essay by Immanuel Kant 1784 “Answering the question. What is Enlightenment?”.
I cite him because the conversation about artificial intelligence as a threat to humans reminds me of the middle Ages, when philosophers like Thomas Aquinas and William Vaughn Okama argued his point of view on the principles of authority. “It can not be doubted, because so said Aristotle..”. Descartes, Luther, Diderot, Galileo and other thinkers of the Enlightenment did not want to blindly follow someone elses postulates. They argued that any man able to think critically and make decisions on the basis of their world view.
The ideas of the thinkers of the Enlightenment were the beginning of the field of “romanticism”, which was passed in realism, inspired by the ideas of Henry Thoreau and Ralph Waldo Emerson (American thinkers of the nineteenth century). In the twentieth century we have returned to rely more on the opinion of the authority, than on its own.
Damn hard to keep up with everything going on, so we give the experts the right to make decisions and draw conclusions. This means that if bill gates, Stephen Hawking and Elon Musk, the genius of engineering, science and entrepreneurship, I believe that artificial intelligence is a threat to humanity, and we humans are far from the technology, believe in it. The problem is that ideas that stick to people like nick Bostrom is a Swedish philosopher, Professor at Oxford University, to prepare us for the worst, distracting from the real issues, which brings artificial intelligence.
But with it formed a new relation to AI. The movement of “Integrity, accountability and transparency” in machine learning are focused on the fraudulent transactions (an old idea from a poem by Goethe in 1797, “the Sorcerers Apprentice”), and on how algorithms affect peoples preferences. Written a lot of serious texts on the practical application of artificial intelligence.
Intern at Fast Forward Labs has just published an article about a tool called FairLM, which he used to study about the hidden racism in making decisions about criminal penalties. Mathematician Cathy Oneil regularly writes articles about the evils of technology for Bloomberg. Gideon Mann, who is responsible for Analytics at Bloomberg, says the Hippocratic Oath for scientists, big data. The software engineer blaze of Aguero and Arkas and his team on artificial intelligence in Google looking for inaccuracies in the algorithms of Google.
Scientist analyst Claire Cortell gathers practitioners in San Francisco to develop methods of working with big data. The list goes on. Develop ethical algorithms is a marathon, not a sprint. Managers in large corporations looking for financial gain from the use of artificial intelligence.
Ethics is not necessary in the first place. I believe that in the future the business will put on the first place information security to protect the companys reputation. Were talking about artificial intelligence as if it were a living person.
In November, I spoke at a conference of Artists and Machine Intelligence, Google spent in Paris. This amazing event. It attracted highly qualified engineers and distant from the technologies of the artists to see how people, not technology, interpretiruya algorithms engineers who created them.
Sometimes it is useful. Artists like Ross Goodwin and Kyle McDonald was entertaining the idea to give power to the computers to release the creative human spirit. Sometimes its ridiculous. One participant, after learning that the Google project DeepDream is an attempt to unravel the principle of operation of neural networks, asked if the use of artificial intelligence as a new branch of psychoanalysis of Freud.
There is a debate whether artists use artificial intelligence to unleash the full creative potential of the person. I think everything is possible and time will tell. What we are talking about artificial intelligence, ultimately determines what he can do.
Our ability to humanize the multiplication table is admirable. But I cant help but doubt when I read about social justice for robots. Everything would be fine if we were talking only about client service, but not about the right to privacy. The court heard the case on whether the police use confidential information about a murder suspect with the device Amazon Echo.
Joanna Bryson, a scientist from the University of Bath and Princeton, offered an interesting explanation of why it makes no sense legally to endow artificial intelligence personality. “Artificial intelligence cant be equated with man, because in the high-quality pre-assembled artificial intelligence is no place for human anxiety”. Anxiety, says Bryson, is an integral part of our cultural code.
We humans do not perceive ourselves as the sum of separate elements or separate from the body, the brain. We feel through the connection with other people, act according to the rules, dont want to lose touch with the group and dont want to suffer. We can come up with mechanisms of empathy for the robot, but we will not give him self-awareness and the ability to draw conclusions based on personal worldview.
This topic is much deeper than what you propose to read articles about emotional intelligence. Sales, customer service, patient care and education in the future will appreciate more than monotonous work. This is a great cultural layer, which will help us to rethink their own ideas about morality. Send your column about how our world will change, [email protected]