A blog about personal and business efficiency “Large plans” published a collection of wealthy Russian businessmen of the XIX century. Despite a multimillion-dollar social contributions, a noble entrepreneurs was characterized by extreme form of frugality, an eccentric disposition and had eccentric habits. Outrageous were rich at all times. Exotic Pets, weird friends, an unusual appearance, strange wills. Often the strangeness of the old Russian rich are balanced by charity projects and bright ideas for business.
From this point of view the most unusual millionaires in Russia in the XIX century not so different from modern. Varvara Morozova, a textile factory owner, philanthropist, years of activity. 1882-1917. A woman of liberal views and unusual destiny.
She was the daughter of textile industrialist Alexey Khludov and wife Arseniy Abramovich Morozov, representative of the famous Russian merchant family. After her husbands death from mental illness Varvara Alexeevna became the mistress of a vast fortune. However, the will was a condition of re-marriage would deprive Morozov capital. And then our heroine proved to be the master of its destiny.
Did not choose between love and wealth, leaving in their lives both. She openly and did not hesitate lived in a civil marriage with the journalist and publisher of the newspaper “Russian Gazette” Basil Sobolewski, which at that time was unthinkable arrogance. Neither contemporaries nor Pets could not understand why the entrepreneur collects at home lectures of professors who study the labor movement, is sponsoring Prechistenskie courses in which, besides training, was held illegal revolutionary Assembly.
For courses followed by the police, as well as behind the house is a “businesswoman”. Unlike the majority of Russian millionaires — both past and present — on their whims Morozov spent not so much money. But the charity went to the large sums.
Her money built a psychiatric hospital, Institute for cancer research, classrooms for the University of Moscow, Moscows first free library and more. Arseniy Morozov, the son of Varvara Morozova, years of activity. 1891-1908. “I know that you are a fool, and now whole of Moscow will know” — so reacted the mother of Arseny Morozovs barbarian son built a mansion on Vozdvizhenka.
As the merchants house, built on the model of the castle puffy Foam Sintra in Portuguese, is still strongly stands out among Moscow mansions, though recognized as a monument of Federal importance. A typical representative of Golden youth, and the party of Arseniy Morozov received the money through inheritance. Bright lived, died, absurdly at a party over a stupid dispute.
Frost tried to convince the guests, that man can endure any pain, and the proof is right in front of them shot himself in the foot. Not even blinking, but the guests were shocked and began to disperse. Arseny decided not to decontaminate the wound and not even take off boots, for which he paid a blood infection.
Michael Khludov, textile manufacturer, years of activity. 1840-1882. More than anything Khludov loved hunting, adrenaline and shock. Went accompanied by one of the tigers, who were brought from Asia and settled home. Tigers frightened guests and firefighters who arrived to extinguish the fire on the mansion and met the “Pets”.
Khludov liked to collect the guests and sometimes went out to him dressed as a Gladiator, Greek God or an Arab. Loved to give gifts. His second wife, the first birthday after the wedding, he presented a six-foot crocodile hidden in a drawer. Frivolous millionaire survived his only son.
Twelve-year-old child died in an accident. Then Khludov added in his will a clause on the donation of 350 thousand rubles, and own home-childrens hospital. It was built on the Devichye field (Pirogovskaya street) and before the revolution was a millionaire. The hospital is working on his profile now, but called the Clinic of childhood diseases of the First MGMU them.
Sechenov. Gavrila Solodovnikov, trade, real estate, banking business, years of activity. 1840-1901. One of the richest Russian merchants was notable for its incredible greed.
For example, he ordered for lunch yesterday buckwheat, because it was the cheapest food in taverns and cost only polkopeyki. In cases Solodovnikov went in a carriage, in which only the rear wheels were dressed in rubber. Is explained by the fact that the front for the driver and for his convenience there is no need to pay.
However, his career was rapid. In the 20 years he was a merchant of the first Guild (the highest of the three existing) and 40 multi — millionaire. Engaged in the manufacturing, real estate and banks. Easily bypassed competitors, and sometimes deceived and friends. Solodovnikov dreamed of having your own theatre.
Very quickly he built a building on the Big Dmitrovka, signed contracts with the artists. But no, the Commission did not want to take the future temple of the arts in operation in the foyer, passages and stairs were in terrible condition, did not have emergency exits. Until the merchant come up with how to fix the problem, some of the artists had a fight with him or go broke. And the Muscovites began to call together his brainchild, “the Dmitrovsky barn”. The will of a rich man was as controversial as his life.
Children and other loved ones he left less than a million rubles, and the remaining 20 million left to spend on charity. Nikolai Ryabushinsky, came from the family business for the sake of art, years of activity. 1895-1951. In the courtyard of his Villa “Black Swan” grow palm trees and peacocks walked.
Furniture, utensils, interior parts amazed guests with extraordinary views and images of a black Swan everywhere. The house was too weird even for any artist or artist (which Ryabushinsky with fun friends), what can we say about a merchant-old believer. Brothers of a millionaire called him “wicked and Nikolashka”. Hope it is really not justified. Instead of business loved art and playing cards, in the end, over the possessions of Nicholas was placed in guardianship.
A large part of his fortune Ryabushinsky spent on the publication of the magazine “Golden fleece”. It was the edition large format with luxurious illustrations, the Golden font and materials in Russian and French. The passion brought to the merchant 12 thousand rubles of income 80 thousands of consumption. But there were published the best poets-symbolists and artists.
Nikolai Igumnov, a textile manufacturer, years of activity. 1880-1924. Igumnov was a lover to show off their wealth and impress people. One joke cost him a link. Once at home social evening, he laid out a floor of gold coins.
Its dramatic, but it turned out that the guests trampled underfoot the portrait of the Emperor depicted on the money. The joke did not forgive. But Igumnov was not discouraged. Went to Abkhazia, where he built himself a Palace there, opened the regions first cannery, planted near the house of the Avenue of cypress trees that when viewed from above is formed in its initials — INV.
The merchant was originally from the Moscow slums, and when he got rich, decided to mark the place of his childhood, building a slum mansion for a million rubles. The brick was from Holland tiles — best of the Moscow plant. Legend has it that the temper Igumnov has ruined several lives.
Muscovites at first did not appreciate his gorgeous house and laughed at him. The owner got excited, called the architect to the court and refused to pay, citing too large an estimate of the construction. The poor master could not stand the shame and committed suicide. The second legend for the mistress of a merchant, which he allegedly immured in the wall of the house because of infidelity.
Yevgen Diukov, trade, years of activity. 1880s- 1917. Sometimes in the market Balashova was possible to see such picture. Man rides astride a thoroughbred road horses, breaks and scatters the crockery, which is on the ground, and then pays for it vendors, saying something strong. So the local millionaire Evgeny Dyakov taught them the standards of sanitation to put the goods on the shelves or in boxes.
The capitals chic merchant loved and offended if someone hinted at his provincialism. Because of this he rented for lunch one of the most expensive Moscow restaurants. The company at the next table began to rile, and Dyakov has decided that he wants to eat alone.
Gregory Pryanishnikov, hlebotorgovlya, years of activity. 1867-1915. Another pre-revolutionary millionaire about hygiene particularly didnt care. Washed the merchant a couple of times a year, so at the end of life to come to visit him was a dubious pleasure. 40-50 years used the same Cup and tablecloth.
He wore a beard almost to the floor. Not combed and not washed. Once made an exception when he was invited to Petersburg for a visit to the Emperor.
Was an avid collector. Gathered more than two thousand icons, more than 300 old books, lots of crosses, coins, ancient utensils. Thats just a collection of his Pryanishnikov nearly no one showed. For every item traded in the most brutal way. Sometimes the sellers gave him the stuff cheaper than they bought them.
One day he knocked down the price for old cross from 100 to 8, and the proposed purchase literally ran away from his home, tortured bargaining. No matter how eccentric or was the first Russian millionaires and their investments in the social sphere, culture and the real sector somehow still working despite the wars, revolutions, decades of Soviet power, the irrepressible imagination of the Moscow mayor and the urban studies.