In biotechnology adopted a convenient segmentation, which like the visuals. There are four main segments. Some experts add “blue” biotech and carry there all of the technology related to water.
As the authors of the report, Frost & Sullivan, released with the support of RVC, at the end of 2013 the Russian pharmaceutical market was estimated at $32,8 billion. Only 8.5% fell on the share of biotechnological drugs, including antibiotics, hormones, vaccines and not only. In the world this indicator above an average of 20%, and most of the drugs on the shelves of Russian pharmacies — import. However, in recent years Russian companies started to actively invest in the development of analogues of foreign drugs.
And the Ministry of industry and trade allocates targeted funding to support the transfer to Russia of foreign biopharmaceutical technologies. Given that there is an opportunity to import innovative technologies, Russian companies are reluctant to invest in their own R&D. However, there are some striking stories of big farmholding bought promising technology and brought it to market. For example, the history of the drug “Arbidol”.
The industrial biotechnology sector is a real driver of development of the global Bioeconomy. According to estimates from Frost & Sullivan, in the coming years, the market for “white” biotech will outperform the growth rate of the agricultural sector and biopharmaceutical industry. “White” biotechnology underlie the production of several industrial products both in traditional areas (such as food, animal feed), and in fundamentally new (biopolymers, biodegradable products). They allow to save energy, to recycle waste holistically, to improve the characteristics of the product itself.
In Russia, too, began to appear a company that sells industrial biotechnology and the appropriate service. The technology of the Krasnodar company “Nanoserv” allows cleaning pipes with the aid of special lactic acid bacteria. They just eat away industrial scale and leave the tubing and equipment clean and undamaged. As a result of bacteria patency of the pipes is increased and the power consumption is reduced by half.
Founder and CEO, “Nanoserv” Elena Levin for several years has brought the business of cleaning of heating systems and industrial heating equipment on an annual turnover of over 100 million rubles. Agriculture in Russia is developing in line with global trends. Employment in the sector is decreasing, labour productivity increases.
The use of biotechnology in the agricultural sector can improve the efficiency and reduce the burden on the environment. Basis of market agrobiotechnologies are three segments. Russia has some real achievements in the sphere of agrobiotechnologies, and in the production of environmentally friendly crop production.
The most common method of crop protection is application of special chemical means of protection of plants that poison the soil, environment and food. In the last few years actively developing microbiological methods of plant protection from diseases and pests. Our team develops such a tool — Microbiology biological product of complex action that protect crops from fungi, increases the yield, improves the condition and fertility of soils.
The prototype of our biological product for four years is being tested in real conditions on the margins of our strategic partner. Potential customers — agricultural holdings, farmers, gardeners and private gardeners. Sales channels include distribution through garden centers and a network of fertilizer sellers. In recent years, the world has boom in technology to protect the environment.
Biotech in this area is represented by two main directions. Biopreparaty wastes and bioremediation of soils, water and air. The biotechnology revolution continues. There are more new tools relating not only to the classical biotechnology that involves production of any drugs, substances, or materials, but also directly transforming the existing life — changing person, changing living beings and so on.
The segment is booming, and more and more investors and companies are starting to explore and develop its presence in this area. The main trend is the emergence of a growing number of new drugs or new biological objects, which are needed for medicine. In Russia the field of biotechnology so far is not too well developed and, I would even say, conservatively. The majority of Russian biotechnologies are not enough boldly looks to the future.
The simplest example is synthetic biotechnology. This technological layer of a bet made nearly all the leading countries of the world, in Russia have not yet begun to “unpack”. To return to the Russian scientific and technological agenda at least at the level of global trends, works, NTI (national technological initiative, a long-term strategy of technological development of Russia, its design office for the implementation of which is mers — approx. Author).
The challenge is to extend partial solutions markets to all scientific and technological policy in General, to put the trends on the level of priority worldwide. One of the trends in the biotech market — the use of genetically modified strains of bacteria for biotechnological production of substances and materials (e.g., biodegradable plastics, antifreeze, detergents). Very well, if you take something with minimal cost (some waste) and turns into a valuable product for life or industry.
The second trend I would note feed, probiotics and everything to do with animal husbandry. The third trend plant protection products, fertilizers and other substances, allowing more effective use of natural resources and to grow more quality crops. I think in the future we will become accustomed to synthesized food, biodegradable containers and packaging, household substances obtained by means of biotechnology. In the field of biotechnology there are two global trends that are most relevant to modern society.
Health (including the environment and wastes) and food production. Main application tasks, as before, be formulated in these areas. A relatively new theme will become more active in the development of interdisciplinary fields — for example, the synthesis of chemistry and biotechnology, medicine and biotechnology of food production, biotechnology, and information processes. There are many points of intersection that will give a synergistic effect.
Therefore, bacteria that produce electricity, or food in pill form will likely remain exotic. If we talk about the development of biotechnology in Russia, there is the difficulty. Today we have no reliable information of the magnitude of the achievements of Soviet science, which left us a legacy. With the achievements of world science to predict how it will develop applied technologies in our country, it is even more difficult.
I am sure that Russia clearly fits in two areas that I have outlined above — health and nutrition. In both directions Russia has a significant reserve. In addition, for the development of biotechnology industries in the field of food and agriculture, our country has significant untapped renewable resources.
A very promising direction in the Agrotex — substitution of chemical plant protection products biological. In the last 40-50 years, we really started playing with chemical plant growth stimulators, pesticides, insecticides, fertilizers and so on, and often they were already outdated drugs Agrochemistry. Unfortunately, this is often a consequence of the fact that in Russia the farmers just dont know how to grow a particular plant in this particular area. Add those fertilizers that are really necessary on this type of soils, and those which are more accessible, often exceeding the allowable dosage.
So it is important not just to replace old technologies with new and more secure but also to enhance the culture of agricultural technologies, to create local information centres, which will raise farmers knowledge applicable in a given place.