Explorer vc.ru about how transport security standards help the development of autopilots. In 2018, all sold in Europe, the new trucks weighing over 7.5 tons (HGV, Heavy Goods Vehicle) should be equipped with an autopilot of the first level according to the classification of SAE.
A road map, which describes steps for implementing the trucks systems active driver assistance (ADAS — Advanced driver assistance systems), was adopted in 2009. Practical steps were implemented in stages from 2013. In 2018 they will lead to the fact that all new heavy trucks sold in the European Union, will receive a retention system lanes (LDWS — lane departure warning system) and automatic emergency braking (autonomous emergency braking system, AEBS) in the base set. The existence of such systems (as well as adaptive cruise control or Parking assist) corresponds to the definition of autonomy of the first level.
Some results are already there — for example, DW reports that the automatic brake stopped the truck Scania R450 during the Berlin bombing in December 2016, differently victims could be more. For passenger cars vehicle mentioned ADAS has not yet become binding. But uses a nonbinding measure. For example, the test result of the ADAS separately rateable European new car assessment EuroNCAP is one of the most authoritative sources of information on motor vehicle safety.
From 2016 electronic AIDS are tested by an independent program, as mentioned in the results of the overall test since 2009. EuroNCAP rating is determined by the results of the crash test, that is, a controlled crash test car. By a special technique experts evaluate the passive safety of the car — its ability to protect passengers during a crash.
Now considered active — that is, the ability of the car to prevent accident. The rating scale in percentages, but for clarity, the final rating given to the system of stars, maximum number of which is equal to five. A typical test report in addition to detailed transcripts of the video contains crash test.
For 30 years, the ratings EuroNCAP got almost all the cars, but to directly compare the results does not work. The ratings for different years conducted by different rules. The last major change occurred in 2016 and dealt with including the treatment of systems active care. Thus, todays EuroNCAP tests, the type certification of autopilots in the future.
The rating for the car in the basic configuration, where active electronics at all might missing. If the active aid offered in the package may be tested by another car equipped with this package. Two major tests.
Automatic braking system for “long distance” (interurban) speeds is intended to reduce the number of associated collisions and reduce the severity of their impact. As part of the test is checking three scenarios:
A good rating gets a vehicle that avoided in all cases — or at least substantially slowed, thereby reducing the severity of the accident. The system warns about the unintended (without turning on the Blinker) to change lanes, and keeps the car within its framework. Standard tests monitor the proximity to the markup at the time of the warning. Extra points are awarded to vehicles with blind spot monitoring (blind spot monitoring, BSM).
Judging by recent ratings, the leaders of the unmanned programs (Audi, Toyota, Volvo) and the production cars get high marks. All these measures — part of a coherent and effective European policy for allotment of car security systems. Since 2001, the number of road deaths has fallen by more than half.
To estimate the systematic approach, you can see the 470-page report on the future of automotive safety systems in Europe, at least with a sign on pages 38-40. Note the second column of the technology assessment is a CBA, cost-benefit analysis, payback calculation. The technology, whose economic effect has not been proved, set aside until better times.
What has already been done: The latter is the case when Russia was ahead of Europe. Domestic “ERA-GLONASS” started a few years earlier and fully compliant with eCall.
Despite the problematic start, this is a good example of harmonization of Russian and European regulations.